To answer question 2:
Just for fun: Sabine Hossenfelder’s piss take “follow the science”
How can science play a greater role without participating in politics?
* Cost benefit analysis shortcomings in breadth, timescale, inputs
I think scientists need to be HIRED in gov’t agencies (not fired or muzzled). They are hired as civil servants in gov’t agencies, not appointees who represent the government’s spin on any issue the public is imperiled by.